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Chapter One

Inter Tribal Council of Arizona
The Ak-Chin Indian Community
The Cocopah Indian Tribe
The Colorado River Indian Tribes
The Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation
The Fort Mojave Indian Tribe
The Fort Yuma Quechan Tribe
The Gila River Indian Community
The Hopi Tribe
The Pueblo of Zuni
The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community
The Tohono O’odham Nation
The Yavapai-Apache Nation
The Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe

Chapter Two

Information on the endangered species in the Great Bend of the Gila

Sonoran Pronghorn Antelope

General Information:
“The fastest land mammal in North America, the Sonoran pronghorn is closely related to other pronghorn subspecies of the Great Plains and Great Basin, with top speeds approaching 60 miles per hour! Smaller and lighter in color than other pronghorn subspecies, the genetically and geographically unique Sonoran pronghorn is specially adapted for survival in the harsh arid conditions that characterize their home – desert washes, arroyos, grassland steppe and creosote scrub bajadas.” - Defenders of Wildlife

“Roadways, fencing, potentially canals, remote housing development, water source development or loss, competition with cattle, human vehicular recreation, mining disturbance, and increasingly severe, extended droughts associated with a changing climate” - Defenders of Wildlife

Source: Sonoran Pronghorn | Defenders of Wildlife

Acuña Cactus

General Information:
“The acuña cactus is a small, perennial plant in the cactus family (Cactaceae). The species is a succulent with typically singular stems that reach up to 40 centimeters in height and 9 centimeters in diameter. The acuña cactus has 11 to 15 radial spines up to 2.5 centimeters long and 3 to 4 mauve-colored, up-turned central spines up to 3.5 centimeters long. The pink to lavender colored flowers open in March and April, with green fruits containing nearly black seeds developing thereafter.” - USFWS

Source: Species Profile for Acuña Cactus(Echinomastus erectocentrus var. acunensis)

Lesser Long-Nosed Bat

General Information:
“These bats are nocturnal in order to feed from the plants like saguaro cactus whose flowers open at night. The flowers are light in color which make them easy for the bats to see. They also produce a strong odor which the bats can smell in the night air. These bats have a long slender face as well as a long tongue which enables them to better reach inside the flower for the sweet nectar. In 1988 these bats were listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife service. Maternity roost disturbance and effects of habitat loss are the primary threats for these bats.” - Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum

Source: Lesser Long Nose Bat Factsheet

Chapter Three

A Summary of Economic Performance in the Surrounding Communities; The Sonoran Desert National Monument

The Arizona We Want: The Decade Ahead

Colorado College’s State of the Rockies Project 2022 Conservation in the West Poll

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